Distributed Organizations

Distributed Organizations (1)
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The world is changing rapidly and the internet is fast entering a new technological era as web 2.0 gives way to an emerging set of blockchain technologies. This next generation of internet technologies built on the blockchain offers many interesting new technological, economic and social innovations - such as digital currencies, distributed ledgers, blockchain IoT systems - that will transform many industries from finance and insurance to energy, and cyber security. But probably the most extraordinary and potentially most revolutionary of all is the idea of distributed autonomous organizations. The idea that with this technology we can now create massive organizations that are truly distributed and automated, something we have never seen before and whose potential is only really limited by one's imagination.

A decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) is an organization that is run by rules that are created by their members through a consensus process and then written into a set of smart contracts that are run on the blockchain, thus enabling the automated management of a distributed organization. Although truly autonomous decentralized organizations are something new they can also be seen as just one more step in a millennia-old process of institutional evolution. A process in which we have gone from organizations based fully upon the specific characteristics of their leaders within hierarchical structures, such as in chieftains or monarchs, to the modern bureaucratic organization that is bound by impersonal rules and formal structures designed to be somewhat independent from the whims and characteristics of any particular member occupying their roles, to today's platform economy where the platform rules are executed by computer code automatically.

As we discuss in this paper distributed autonomous organizations are very much in their infancy; something we are still experimenting with. However, their potential should not be underestimated and they will only grow as the underlying technology develops and our understanding of distributed self-organizing systems matures.

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